Political interference has plagued Bolivia’s justice system for years. The government of interim president Jeanine Áñez (Nov. 2019-Nov. 2020) and the current government of Luis Arce have used an overbroad definition of “terrorism” against political opponents. Nobody has been held responsible for 36 killings in the context of election-related protests in 2019, including 20 who died in two massacres in which witnesses said that state forces opened fire against protesters. Women and girls remain at high risk of violence. Indigenous peoples continue to face barriers to exercise their right to free, prior, and informed consent regarding measures that may affect them.

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